This report, commissioned by Save the Children, Norway, discusses the impact of international sanctions on children's situation in Iraq and Burundi. The report recognises that sanctions raise the ethical question of whether suffering inflicted on vulnerable groups in the target countries is a legitimate mean of exerting pressure on political leaders. The report argues that sanctions should be judged by standards of universal human rights, particularly the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The reviewed cases of Iraq and Burundi demonstrates that the international community should cease to impose comprehensive economic sanctions without obligatory and enforcable humanitarian exemptions and agreed mechanisms for monitoring the impact of sanctions on children and other vulnerable groups.

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