CMI Working Paper | 2004
The role of participation and empowerment in income and poverty dynamics in Indonesia 1993-2000
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2004: 13) 30 p.
The objective of this study is to assess whether living in a community that has a more democratic decision making system or in a society with a higher degree of participation and cooperation has any effect on household income changes and poverty reduction in Indonesia. Constructing an empowerment index and a participation index, we find that a household would have had a two percentage point higher income growth from 1993 to 2000 if it had been in a society with a high degree of cooperation compared to a society with the lowest degree of cooperation, if our results imply causality. This is substantial, since the average household per capita real income growth between 1993 and 2000 was 11 %. The participation index was found to be insignificant.
Sudan Working Paper | Jul 2020
Food Security and Agricultural Development in Sudan: The case of Kassala State
Prof. Dr. Samia Mohamed Nour, Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain
CMI Working Paper | Jun 2020
Preparing to leave? Household mobility decisions in climate affected areas of coastal Bangladesh
Arne Wiig, Minhaj Mahmud, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu
U4 Issue | Mar 2020
Incubating change-makers. Youth-driven innovative approaches to accountability in Nepal
Jenny Bentley, Saul Mullard