Using case studies drawn from Latin America, Africa, India and Eastern Europe, this volue examines the role of courts as a channel for social transformation for excluded sectors of society in contemporary democracies. With a focus on social rightsd litigation in post-authoriatarian regimes or in the context of fragile state control, the contributors assess the role of judicial processes in altering (or perpetuating) social and economic inequalities and power relations in society. Drawing on interdisciplinary expertise in the fields of law, political theory and political science, the chapters address theoretical debates and present empirical case studies to examine recent trends in social rights litigation.