Despite hundreds of billions of dollars in aid, the United Nations determined in 2004 that 54 countries had actually become poorer than they were 15 years previously. Most analysts now agree with findings of the World Bank that it is corruption that has been "the single greatest obstacle to economic and social development."To confront this problem, 80 countries have ratified the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), a document of unprecedented scope and application. The Convention has 71 articles addressing numerous tools to combat corruption such as codes of conduct, increased bank scrutiny of "politically exposed persons" and anti-money laundering measures. However, it is the "return of assets" that has been singled out as "a fundamental principle of this Convention". This Brief examines why the return of assets is so critical, the obstacles standing in the way of recovering stolen monies, and what donors can do to make the situation better.
The role of civil society in the UNCAC review process: Moving beyond compliance?
Marijana Trivunovic, Nils Taxell, Jesper Johnsøn, Rita de Cássia Biason
Is mutual accountability feasible? A conceptual discussion with policy implications
Hannes Hechler, Arne Tostensen
Can UNCAC address grand corruption?
Hannes Hechler, Gretta Fenner Zinkernagel, Lucy Koechlin, Dominic Morris
La CNUCC en bref: Guide pratique sur la Convention des Nations Unies contre la corruption à l'intention des membres du corps diplomatique et des organismes donateurs
Corruption in customs: How can it be tackled?
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Ernani Checcucci Filho and Gaël Raballand
Enhancing Government Effectiveness and Transparency: The Fight Against Corruption
Urbanisation, informality, and corruption. Designing policies for integrity in the city
Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 1: Old issue, new concern – anti-corruption takes off
Phil Mason OBE
The UAE’s Humanitarian Diplomacy: Claiming State Sovereignty, Regional Leverage and International Recognition
Corruption and Anti-Corruption in Environmental and Resource Management
Luca Tacconi, David Aled Williams
Annual Review of Environment and Resources
Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in a context of nationalist oligarchy: Lessons from Indonesia
Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 9. The UK’s changing anti-corruption landscape – new energy, new horizons
Phil Mason OBE