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Policy recommendations:

  • Confronting corruption is part and parcel of building legitimacy and public confidence in fragile states. Corruption creates instability and inefficiency. The tendencies to defer anti-corruption to “a later stage” therefore fail to ensure an essential component of stabilisation. 
  • A careful analysis of the political and social basis of corruption and potential drivers for change is essential. “Blueprints” of anti-corruption activities taken from other contexts could be harmful in fragile situations. 
  • Donor countries have a strong responsibility to safeguard their interventions (including business corporations and military operations) against corruption to avoid signalling tolerance for corruption.