What connections exist between natural resource wealth and violent conflict? What do such connections imply for policies to build peace in resource-rich areas? This synthesis takes stock of what social science research has to say about these questions.
In the first part, it reviews the academic literature on resource wealth and conflict. Key findings include that dependence of resource exports is more closely tied to conflict than resource abundance; that resource wealth is more important in explaining why civil wars endure than why they break out; and that resources with attributes that make them easy to extract and sell are more closely linked to civil war duration than other resources.
The second part presents policy implications of these findings as well as other research on pro-peace resource management. Recommendations relate to conflict financing, war economies, fiscal transparency, conflict-sensitive business, and revenue sharing. In concluding the debate is summed up and an agenda for research and policy is outlined.
Survey participation effects in conflict research
Alexander De Juan, Carlo Koos
Journal of Peace Research
Understanding the resource curse: A large-scale experiment on corruption in Tanzania
Alexander Cappelen, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Bertil Tungodden
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
The Impact of Index Insured Loans on Credit Market Participation and Risk-Taking
Richard A. Gallenstein, Jon Einar Flåtnes, John P. Dougherty, Abdoul G. Sam, Khushbu Mishra
Resettlement capacity assessments for climate induced displacements: Evidence from Ethiopia
Solomon Zena Walelign, Susan L. Cutter and Päivi Lujala
Inter-group interaction and attitudes to migrants
Mintewab Bezabih, Sosina Bezu, Tigabu Getahun, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, and Arne Wiig
Justifiable energy injustices? Exploring institutionalised corruption and electricity sector “problem-solving” in Ghana and Kenya
Festus Boamah, David Aled Williams, Joana Afful
Energy Research and Social Science
Gender, regulation, and corporate social responsibility in the extractive sector: The case of Equinor’s social investments in Tanzania
Siri Lange,Victoria Wyndham
Women's Studies: International Forum