The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) requires state parties to consider establishing policies requiring officials to reveal “to appropriate authorities … their outside activities, employment, investments, assets and substantial gifts or benefits” (Article 8, UNCAC). The World Bank has advised a number of countries on whether an income and asset disclosure programme is an appropriate response to the corruption issues they face, and if so, what type of programme they should establish. Assistance has ranged from advice on drafting legislation to furnishing model disclosure forms to providing financial and technical support to an agency created to administer the programme. Drawing on this experience and studies underway by several Bank units, this U4 Issue paper describes the issues policymakers should weigh in deciding whether to adopt a financial disclosure law, and if so, what provisions it should contain.
The role of civil society in the UNCAC review process: Moving beyond compliance?
Marijana Trivunovic, Nils Taxell, Jesper Johnsøn, Rita de Cássia Biason
Is mutual accountability feasible? A conceptual discussion with policy implications
Hannes Hechler, Arne Tostensen
Can UNCAC address grand corruption?
Hannes Hechler, Gretta Fenner Zinkernagel, Lucy Koechlin, Dominic Morris
La CNUCC en bref: Guide pratique sur la Convention des Nations Unies contre la corruption à l'intention des membres du corps diplomatique et des organismes donateurs
Corruption and Anti-Corruption in Environmental and Resource Management
Luca Tacconi, David Aled Williams
Annual Review of Environment and Resources
Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in a context of nationalist oligarchy: Lessons from Indonesia
Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 9. The UK’s changing anti-corruption landscape – new energy, new horizons
Phil Mason OBE