An exception to the rule? Why Indonesia's Anti-Corruption Commission succeeds where others don't - a comparison with the Philippines' Ombudsman
Anti-corruption agencies have long been a principal strategy to fight corruption in many developing countries. Unfortunately, few of them have produced evident results and they are seen as being rather ineffective. Recently, however, the Corruption Eradication Commission of Indonesia (KPK) seems to have emerged as an exception. Can this success be substantiated and, if so, how can it be explained?
A comparison with another such institution in a very similar neighbouring country – the Office of the Ombudsman of the Philippines – illustrates the KPK’s success especially in investigating and prosecuting corrupt public officials. Why was the KPK, in just five years, able to reach a 100% conviction rate against top officials in all major branches of the Indonesian government, while the Philippine Ombudsman has scored only few convictions in its 20-year history? Part of this success can be explained by considerable investigative powers given to KPK, which the Philippine Ombudsman does not hold. Also, rigorous pre-testing of every prosecution and a highly efficient anti-corruption court contribute to KPK’s success. These and other factors are analysed in this U4 Issue, which concludes with recommendations for donors and governments on the establishment and strengthening of anti-corruption agencies.
See the theme pages on the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre.
The role of civil society in the UNCAC review process: Moving beyond compliance?
Marijana Trivunovic, Nils Taxell, Jesper Johnsøn, Rita de Cássia Biason
Is mutual accountability feasible? A conceptual discussion with policy implications
Hannes Hechler, Arne Tostensen
Can UNCAC address grand corruption?
Hannes Hechler, Gretta Fenner Zinkernagel, Lucy Koechlin, Dominic Morris
La CNUCC en bref: Guide pratique sur la Convention des Nations Unies contre la corruption à l'intention des membres du corps diplomatique et des organismes donateurs
Regulatory conundrum: Exclusive tourism enclaves - NCHS
Jeremy Kingsley and Kari Telle
Review of State of Disorder: Privatised Violence and the State in Indonesia (2022). Abdil Mughis Mudhoffir.
Asian Journal of Social Science (AJS)
Could the Kanjuruhan stadium disaster spark Indonesian police reform?
David Aled Williams, Kari Telle
Is there legal pluralism in Afghanistan? Notes on injustice and access to justice
Antonio De Lauri
Avenues for Youth Representation in Uganda
Gerald Kagambirwe Karyeija & Ragnhild L. Muriaas
Media From the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean, Communication Systems in Portuguese-Speaking Africa
Orre, Aslak Jangård & Helge Rønning
Media Ownership in Africa in the Digital Age: Challenges, Continuity and Change