A series of five “Reality Checks” will take place in the period 2011-2016, focussing on the dynamics of poverty and well-being with a particular focus on good governance, agriculture/climate and energy that are key sectors in Swedish development cooperation with Mozambique. Each Reality Check will be published in the form of one Annual Report and three Sub-Reports from each of the three selected study-sites (see ORGUTa 2011 for more details). More concretely, the “Reality Checks in Mozambique” are expected to:

i) Inform the public discussion among key development actors on poverty reduction, especially in the province of Niassa; ii) Contribute to a better understanding of qualitative poverty monitoring methods in Mozambique; iii) Provide Sweden with relevant qualitative data on developments and results from its engagement in Mozambique and support further implementation of its programme in Niassa.

The series of studies was initiated by an Inception Report published in August 2011 (ORGUT 2011a). Through that exercise, it was decided that the Reality Checks shall be based on fieldwork in three different Districts/Municipalities in the Province of Niassa that display variations in terms of geographical locations, access to public services and levels of poverty and well-being. The three areas selected were i); the Municipality of Cuamba; ii) the District of Lago and iii) the District of Majune (see Map 1).

The 1st Reality Check was carried out in 2011 in the form of three sub-reports (Orgut 2011 b,c,d) and the first Annual Report (Orgut 2011 e), and represent a baseline upon which the subsequent Reality Checks will build. The 2ndReality Check in Mozambique was carried out in September 2012 (ORGUT 2012a, b, c and d). In addition to the general objectives listed above and in line with the Terms of Reference, the reports for the 2nd Reality Check had a thematic focus on governance. This is the Annual Report for the 3rd Reality Check in Mozambique, synthesising the main findings from the sub-reports from Cuamba (ORGUT 2013a), Lago (ORGUT 2013b) and Majune (ORGUT 2013c). Fieldwork was carried out in June 2013, and the thematic focus is agriculture, climate and employment.