Latin American Civil-Military Relations in a Historical Perspective: A Literature Review
Civil-military relations constitute a crucial element in the transition to substantive democracy all over the world. During periods of authoritarianism or civil war, the military in Latin America has been responsible for extensive violations of human rights and humanitarian law. Since the reintroduction of democracy in the region in the 1980s and 1990s, the military has gradually been brought back under civilian rule. The balance of power between military and civil political actors has shifted. How and in which ways have civilian governments curtailed military power? What is the relationship between the military and civilian governments today? And what new roles have been assigned to or taken on by the military in areas such as maintaining national security?
Based on a review of the literature on civil-military relations in Latin America, this paper explores three main themes: (1) the military as a political actor; (2) the military as an economic actor; and (3) changing military self-perceptions and roles in a democratic era.
What causes Latin America’s high incidence of adolescent pregnancy?
Camila Gianella, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado, Angelica Peñas Defago
The Armed Forces and the Economy in Latin America: Contemporary Trends and Implications for Civil-Military Relations.
«Nowadays there are shoot-outs all the time». Women, children, and Police Pacification Units (UPPs) in Rocinha, Rio de Janeiro.
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen
Access to What? Legal Agency and Access to Justice for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America
Daniel M. Brinks
The Journal of Development Studies
The implementation record of truth commissions’ recommendations in Latin America
The Global Legacy of Truth Commissions
Beyond Islamist Extremism: Women and the Algerian Uprisings of 2019
Aili Mari Tripp
The Internal Protection Alternative and its Relation to Refugee Status
Research Handbook on International Refugee Law