The aim of this report is to summarize the experiences from results-based initiatives in Norwegian development cooperation and enhance the knowledge base for future decisions involving results-based payments.

The report provides a brief overview of frequently used concepts in discussions about results-based payment and financing, and presents key aspects of Norwegian results-based initiatives in health, climate and forestry and clean energy. It describes key design elements in each of the initiatives, outlines the underlying theories of change (to the extent they are available), and presents documented impacts and other relevant experiences.

The concluding section summarizes key lessons and recommendations. A companion report, Basis for Decisions to use Results-Based Payments in Norwegian Development Aid, describes how the decisions to use results-based payments were made and the considerations that formed the basis for these decisions.

Ottar Mæstad

Research Professor / Special Adviser, Director Development Learning Lab