This research thesis addresses the challenges confronting the establishment of stable and sufficient health care provision in Heiban Locality in South Kordofan / Nuba Mountains in the aftermath (2002–2011) of the protracted period of war (1985–2002). It investigates the interaction of actors involved in health care provision during and after war, and asks whether this interaction and the subsequent functioning of health institutions have changed into nonviolent health governance for the benefit of the general population’s well-being. The research, therefore, traces how health knowledge and medical practices were negotiated between health practitioners and other actors, and how these health practitioners thus related to different health institutions.