The wide discretionary powers of bureaucrats can undermine their impartiality, and result in decisions being made that are tainted by bias or have violated due process. Such opportunities for illegal, improper, or unfair behaviour may amount to corruption. By strengthening the legal requirement for procedural fairness and ensuring that disaffected individuals can challenge such decisions through the courts, there is potential to improve transparency and accountability and curb corruption.
Curbing grand corruption in ethnically plural societies. The role of corporate responsibility
Justifiable energy injustices? Exploring institutionalised corruption and electricity sector “problem-solving” in Ghana and Kenya
Festus Boamah, David Aled Williams, Joana Afful
Energy Research and Social Science
A case study on corrupt practices in Rwanda provides useful lessons