The wide discretionary powers of bureaucrats can undermine their impartiality, and result in decisions being made that are tainted by bias or have violated due process. Such opportunities for illegal, improper, or unfair behaviour may amount to corruption. By strengthening the legal requirement for procedural fairness and ensuring that disaffected individuals can challenge such decisions through the courts, there is potential to improve transparency and accountability and curb corruption.
Corruption and Anti-Corruption in Environmental and Resource Management
Luca Tacconi, David Aled Williams
Annual Review of Environment and Resources
Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in a context of nationalist oligarchy: Lessons from Indonesia
A Theory of Change for the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. Designing resource governance pathways to improve developmental outcomes
Philippe Le Billon, Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad