Analysis of industrial illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing in East Africa reveals it is often facilitated by corruption. Evidence suggests this occurs through the abuse of power and position by ‘kingpins’. Wielding control through intimidation and sharing the spoils of corruption within established networks are common approaches. This enables corrupt industry players to secure illegal access to fishery resources and services and protection from oversight, investigation, and enforcement.
Lobbying, corruption and climate finance: The stakes for international development
Michael Nest, Saul Mullard
When anti-corruption innovations meet reality: Electronic payments in remote areas
Pham Xuan Hung, Bui Duc Tinh, David Aled Williams