The country gave foreign investors preferential access to American and European markets, favourable customs and tax policies, and relative political stability. Labour costs were also low – around half of what they were in China.
Investors from across the world, including China, India, the US and South Korea, started industrial production in these parks, creating job opportunities for thousands of citizens.
And most of them were women who entered the labour force as never before. Before the COVID-19 crisis in 2020, firms in the new industrial parks in Ethiopia employed about 86,000 workers – around 80% of them women. They were hired for light manufacturing, making products like shoes, textiles and garments. Employers saw women as diligent and disciplined.
The entry of women into Ethiopia’s work force provided a rare opportunity to study the impact of jobs on women’s empowerment, especially participation in politics.
A study I conducted with colleagues yielded unexpected results that have implications for the understanding of political agency in a non-democratic and developing context.
Assessment of environmental contamination with soil-transmitted helminths life stages at school compounds, households and open markets in Jimma Town, Ethiopia
Bamlaku Tadege, Zeleke Mekonnen, Daniel Dana, Bizuwarek Sharew, Eden Dereje, Eskindir Loha, Jaco J. Verweij, Stijn Casaert, Johnny Vlaminck, Mio Ayana, Bruno Levecke
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Building fiscal capacity in developing countries: Evidence on the role of information technology
Merima Ali, Abdulaziz B. Shifa, Abebe Shimeles and Firew Woldeyes
National Tax Journal
Former Armed Groups in Power and Post-war Youth Policies
Understanding Inequality Within Households
Ingvild Almås, Charlotte Ringdal and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen
Handbook of Labor, Human Resources and Population Economics
Could the Kanjuruhan stadium disaster spark Indonesian police reform?
David Aled Williams, Kari Telle
Media From the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean, Communication Systems in Portuguese-Speaking Africa
Orre, Aslak Jangård & Helge Rønning
Media Ownership in Africa in the Digital Age: Challenges, Continuity and Change