This case study project is related to an attempt by the World Bank to come up with a set of measurable social indicators. The Bank wishes to: - Explore the prospects of establishing meaningful Social Development (SD) indicators. SD refers specifically to interventions that promote public goods, enabling environment, and empowerment of individual citizens. - Analyse the relationship between changes in social development (as measured by the SD indicators) and changes in other development indicators (such as growth, investment, poverty reduction etc.) The aim of the project is to dig deeper into the relationship between social development and investments than what is provided by the existing econometric studies relying on aggregated macro figures. The study will also explore the relationship between social development inputs and investments on broader development outcomes, in terms of growth, stability and poverty reduction in Botswana and Malaysia.