The study  Demonstrates the socio-economic development impact of landmines as well as of mine action operations; Assesses to what extent mine action is mainstreamed in development policies and programmes of major donors and of mine-affected countries; and  Recommends guidelines and follow-up action by all relevant actors to facilitate the mainstreaming of mine action in development planning. The Study provides  An analysis of available data and previous studies on the socio-economic di-mension of mine action;  Field research yielding new information and providing an analysis of select case studies, covering at least three mine-affected countries;  Assessment of the extent to which mine action is mainstreamed in donors' development planning (desk study and interviews); and  A set of concrete recommendations for implementation by donors, mine-affected countries, UN agencies, and NGOs respectively to enhance the main-streaming of mine action in development planning.