This study gives a detailed account of coconut cultivation and the social formation of coconut cultivations in a specific locality in the Quezon province on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Using a theoretical framework drawn from Marxism, the social formation analysed here combines elements from both the feudal and the capitalist modes of production. This mixture explains the stagnancy of production and the poverty of the cultivators, as well as the macropolitical context of a privatised State with family dynasties in control - to the detriment of theeconomy and development in general. The study recommends that the appropriate remedy is comprehensive land reform combined with productivity enhancements in the coconut producing sector. If no structural reform is undertaken, stagnancy and deepening poverty will continue to prevail.
Social accountability and water integrity: Learning from experiences with participatory and transparent budgeting in Ethiopia and Nepal
Birke Otto, Floriane Clement, Binayak Das, Hari Dhungana, Lotte Feuerstein, Girma Senbeta, Jasmina Van Driel
Will REDD+ safeguards mitigate corruption? Qualitative evidence from Southeast Asia
Aled Williams, Kendra Dupuy
The Journal of Development Studies
Locating China's Maritime Silk Road in the context of the South China Sea disputes
China's New Silk Road: An Emerging World Order