This paper first identifies trends and patterns in the growth of the secondary and higher secondary schools in Bangladesh, while differentiating between the Islamic madrassa schools, and the general (mainstream) ones. Substantial differences are also found between rural and urban schools. Secondly the role of the state in this sub-sector of education is re1ated to general policies of regulation, standardisation, certification, and most important to its financial role for recurrent and development costs. The third objective of this paper is to formulate some suggestions for policy conc1usions and future research.