The paper contributes towards an assessment of the statistical context in which the Namibia Socio-Economic Database might be employed in Namibia. It discusses from a comparative perspective issues likely to arise in the re building of statistical services to support development and nation-building in newly independent Namibia. Section one concentrates on issues related to the establishment of a statistical service within the central government and examines questions such as the role, form of organisation and the legislation required to support activities. A shorter second section addresses the question of data processing and the establishment of databases to support planning and statistical analysis.