Relations between local government and NGOs in post-communist states are often described in negative terms.  Findings from 70 in-depth interviews with local government officials and 18 focus groups with NGO representatives in the West Balkans, however, suggest that relations are rather more complex.  Local government officials appear to be better informed about and also more positive to NGOs than previous research suggests. Reasons for being positive differ somewhat across countries. NGO attitudes to local government officials, on the other hand, are not only determined by country-specific but also by NGO-specific factors such as scope, budget-size and age.