The weakness of opposition parties in Africa, as well as the endurance of dominant party and presidentialist regimes, has been explained in a variety of ways – ranging from the policy failures of the opposition parties themselves, to incumbency advantages including organised electoral fraud and the unequal access to state resources, and not least to the politics of identity/ethnicity.
With a case study of Angola and Mozambique, this contribution takes a different approach, focussing on the understudied areas of the local political space. Hence, the process of local governance reform is traced through the nearly four decades since independence. It shows how the structural and political organisation of local governance, established quite unilaterally by the dominant party regimes, has effectively created mechanisms of exclusion and domination, keeping opposition parties (Unita and Renamo) from positions of power and influence. Instead of gradually opening up as could be expected in a post-war situation, the local political space for opposition parties has been kept limited. This is likely to perpetuate the dominant party regimes, with negative consequences for democratisation of the polities as a whole.
Turkish foreign policy: structures and decision-making processes
Siri Neset, Chr. Michelsen Institute, Mustafa Aydın, Kadir Has University, Hasret Dikici Bilgin, Istanbul Bilgi University, Metin Gürcan, Episteme Turkey, Arne Strand, Chr. Michelsen Institute
Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation
Inge Amundsen (ed.)
Género e pobreza no periurbano Luandense
Margareth Nangacovie, Iselin Åsedotter Strønen
What does it mean to be poor? Investigating the qualitative-quantitative divide in Mozambique
Sam Jones and Inge Tvedten
The political economy of banking in Angola
Manuel Ennes Ferreira and Ricardo Soares de Oliveira
Yemen’s ‘Handshake moment’: What other peace processes can tell us about the Riyadh Agreement
Managing the born-free generation: Zimbabwe’s strategies for dealing with the youth
Marjoke Oosterom and Simbarashe Gukurume
Corruption, évitement fiscal, blanchiment dans le secteur extractif: de l'art de jouer avec le droit