During its engagement in Afghanistan, the US military seriously tried to mitigate the risk of civilian casualties from airstrikes only when called for by changes in military doctrine emphasizing the need to gain the support of the population. Consistent efforts by external political and humanitarian actors to reduce casualties by demanding more transparency and clearer lines of accountability for ‘collateral damage’ had little immediate, observable effect. The case study underlines the contingent nature of progress towards protecting civilians in armed conflict even when a military institution formally accepts the principles of customary international humanitarian law, but concludes that, faute de mieux, strategies to enhance protection through greater accountability and attention to the kind of military ordinance used remain central.
Truth and Logic for a More Peaceful World: Kristian Berg Harpviken in Conversation with Arne Strand
Understanding the inferno on Lesbos: – We need new perspectives on migration to solve this situation
Considering kin and countrymen – challenges to social networks among Syrians in Tripoli, Lebanon
Protection of Civilians – Norway in the Security Council
Edited by Antonio De Lauri