Too big to fault? Effects of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize on Norwegian exports to China and foreign policy
In October 2010, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel peace prize to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo. The Chinese government responded by freezing political and economic relations with Norway, introducing sanctions against imports of fish and other products, and limiting diplomatic interaction. Using a synthetic control approach, this paper estimates the effect of Chinese sanctions on Norwegian exports to China, and on Norwegian foreign policy. We find that the sanctions reduced direct exports of fish to China by between 125 and 176 million USD in the period 2011-13, and direct total exports from Norway to China by between 780 and 1300 million USD. By 2014, however, exports had rebounded to normal levels. Moreover, immediately following the peace prize, Norwegian agreement with Chinese voting on UN human rights resolutions increased. The results suggest that the Chinese government can effectively use economic sanctions to affect the foreign policy positions of democratic governments.
Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang
Trading in corruption: Evidence and mitigation measures for corruption in the trading of oil and minerals
Olivier Longchamp, Nathalie Perrot
The resource bites back: Entry-points for addressing corruption in wildlife crime
David Aled Williams, Rob Parry-Jones, Dilys Roe
Zambia’s looming debt crisis – is China to blame?
Arve Ofstad, Elling Tjønneland
China and global integrity-building: Challenges and prospects for engagement
Gendercide and marginalisation – An initial review of the knowledge base
Vibeke Wang, Magnus Hatlebakk, Liv Tønnessen, Ottar Mæstad, Kari Telle
What does it mean to be poor? Investigating the qualitative-quantitative divide in Mozambique
Sam Jones and Inge Tvedten