In the 1980s, experts thought that tuberculosis (TB) could be eliminated in a matter of decades. This was a reasonable prediction considering that a effective drug treatment has been known since the 1940´s. Further in the 1990´s the TB elimination prognosis was boosted by the introduction of the World Health Organization strategy, known as DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment, Short-Course). It was then expected that the correct and efficient rolling out of this policy would make TB a disease of the past. Unfortunately, these projections were not met, and nowadays TB is the leading cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide. 

Ganiella aims in her research to improve the theoretical and empirical understanding of the role played by legal environments on health systems performance towards TB control. 
Taking National Tuberculosis (TB) Programs (here and after NTBP) in seven TB high burden countries (Angola, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia) as a point of inquiry, she aims to analyze and generate needed evidence on the role played by legal environments in supporting and hindering efforts to control and eliminate TB.