Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to intervene against the expanding threat of the Huthi insurgency in March 2015, the confiict in Yemen has left more than 7,500 killed and another 18.8 million in need of humanitarian aid. 1 The GCC-led intervention is only the latest phase of confiict in Yemen, which in the last 15 years has witnessed a string of armed rebellions in the north from 2004 to 2010, experienced a southern insurgency after 2009, and been the theater of American drone strikes on suspected al-Qa ‘ida affiliates since 2002. Indeed, the complexity of the Yemeni confiict indicates the series of challenges faced by peace-builders and mediators in an ever-changing confiict environment.

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