This article examines the genealogy and behavior of the CIA militias in Afghanistan against the backdrop of persistent armed governance whereby a plurality of actors competes over control and rule. The nonaccountable use of force by militias and their volatile alliances increase the extent of armed governance, exacerbating issues of human rights abuses and undermining the possibility of future claims for justice. We discuss the effects of recurrent political violence on the peace talks and the implications for a sustainable peace, the need to include a solution for the role of militias in a peace agreement, and the necessity of ending impunity.
Divine Intervention: Invoking God in Peace Agreements
Robert Forster; Christine Bell
Wiley Blackwell Companion to Religion and Peace
Community-Driven Development or community-based development?
Arne Strand, Magnus Hatlebakk, Torunn Wimpelmann, Mirwais Wardak
Annex 2-4: Norway's contribution to women's participation in peacebuilding A Case Study Analysis from Afghanistan, Colombia and Nordic Women Mediators Network
Kirsten S. Natvig, Torunn Wimpelmann, Mirwais Wardak, Martha Inés Romero, Robert Forster, Arne Disch
Why factory jobs for Ethiopian women haven’t translated into greater participation in politics
From spaces of containment to spaces of conversion
Rene Kreichauf, Elizabeth Dunn