The purpose of this evaluation commissioned by Norad's evaluation department is to draw lessons from Norway's involvement over time in a country affected by conflict. Somalia is one of the main priority or focus countries for Norwegian aid. Norway has one of the main supporters of the Federal Government of Somalia formed in 2012.

The evaluation sought to identify lessons from Norway’s engagement  and to assess whether Norway’s assistance was effective, coherent and conflict-sensitive. And it paid specific attention to identifying how Norway managed three dilemmas arising from engaging in the complex Somali context.