Joint liability group lending has come under scrutiny for failure to promote profitable risk-taking among smallholder borrowers in developing countries. One possible explanation for the absence of profitable risk-taking is the collateral-like effect of social capital, which borrowers fear losing if they default. In this paper, we use data from a framed field experiment and a survey administered in Tanzania to empirically investigate the relationship between social capital and risk-taking. We find that borrowers with more close relationships (family and friends) in their borrowing group increase risk-taking yet borrowers with more relationships that induce negative moral emotions (shame and guilt) reduce risk-taking.
Towards harmonised financing of frontline health service providers in Tanzania
Ottar Mæstad, Peter Binyaruka
Direct Financing of Health Facilities. Experiences from financing reforms in Tanzania.
Ottar Mæstad, Jo Borghi, Farida Hassan, Eskindir Shumbullo Loha, John Maiba, Iddy Mayumana, Vincent Somville, Sarah Tobin, Peter Binyaruka
Direct health facility financing in Tanzania. Process evaluation. Phone Survey #3
Peter Binyaruka, Ottar Mæstad, Vincent Somville