Objectives The aim of this study was to assess the seroprevalence and associated factors of cytomegalovirus (CMV) among pregnant women in Southern Ethiopia.
Design Cross-sectional study.
Setting The study was conducted in Hawassa University comprehensive and specialised hospital. Hawassa, Southern Ethiopia.
Participants A total of 600 consecutive pregnant women attending the delivery ward were recruited for the study from August to October 2020.
Outcome measures The study assessed the rate of maternal anti-CMV IgG and IgM antibodies. The association of obstetric history, sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics with seropositivity of CMV was also evaluated based on the collected data using structured questioners.
Results Seropositivity for CMV IgM antibodies was 8.2% (49/600) (95% CI 6% to 10.5%), whereas the CMV IgG was 88.7% (532/600), (95% CI 89.5% to 94.0%). Seroprevalence of CMV IgM was higher in women of older age, currently unmarried, having nursery schooled children and with any of the detected curable sexually transmitted infections, while seroprevalence of CMV IgG was significantly associated only with women having nursery schooled children. Seroprevalence was not significantly associated with previous adverse pregnancy outcome, gravidity, being a child daycare occupant mother and newborn birth weight.
Conclusion In the present study, we identified a high rate of CMV IgM and CMV IgG seroprevalence among pregnant women in Southern Ethiopia. Given that there is no existing CMV diagnosis, special attention should be designed to pregnant women in parallel to the existing antenatal care facility. Besides, training healthcare professionals will support awareness conception among pregnant women concerning the sequels of CMV infection during pregnancy.
Sumich, J. (2018). The Middle Class in Mozambique: The State and the Politics of Transformation in Southern Africa (the International African Library). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 190 pages. ISBN: 9781108472883
Divine Intervention: Invoking God in Peace Agreements
Robert Forster; Christine Bell
Wiley Blackwell Companion to Religion and Peace
BENEDICTE BULL: Latin-Amerika i dag. Nye interesser og gamle bånd til USA, Kina, Russland, Midtøsten og Europa
Dag og Tid, 1 april 2022
Book review: John-Andrew McNeish (2021) Sovereign Forces: Everyday Challenges to Environmental Governance in Latin America. Berghahn Books.
David Aled Williams
Public Anthropologist (Blog)
From spaces of containment to spaces of conversion
Rene Kreichauf, Elizabeth Dunn
If the army cuts trees, why can’t we? Resource extraction, hunting and the impacts of militaries on biodiversity conservation
Anwesha Dutta and Trishant Simlai
Enforcing Ecocide: Power, Policing & Planetary Militarization
Humanitarian diplomacy as moral history
Tuning in to the politics of (anti-)corruption: astute interventions and deeper accountability
David Jackson, Inge Amundsen