Fiscal decentralisation - the devolution of taxing and spending powers to lower levels of government - has become an important theme of governance in many developing countries in recent years. Accordingly, restructuring of governmental functions and finances between the national and lower levels of government has entered the core of the development debate. A general conclusion emerging from this review of theoretical and empirical literature on intergovernmental fiscal relations is that sub-national governments need to be given access to adequate resources to do the job with which they are entrusted. At the same time they must also be accountable for what they do with these resources. Moreover, like all public policies, intergovernmental fiscal policies must take into account both the political constraints facing policy makers, such as the strength of different provinces and groups in political decisions, and economic constraints such as the stage of development of financial markets.
Refugees unwelcome: Increasing surveillance and repression of asylum seekers in the “new Moria” refugee camp on Lesvos - NCHS
“Construction, Destruction, and Reconstruction of Palestinian Refugee camps”
Kjersti G. Berg
Reconstructing Oxymorons. Palestinian Refugee camps and the case of Nahr el Bared
(Re)Interpreting corruption in local environments: Disputed definitions, contested conservation, and power plays in Northern Madagascar
Klein, Brian and Mullard, Saul and Ahamadi, Khaladi and Mara, Paul and Mena, Jaolahy and Nourdine, Sam and Rakoto, Marc and Tombozandry, Djazman and Maraina, Ando Vao
"Unleash the hounds!": Wenn Memes und andere Witzfiguren gegen Trolle in den digitalen Informationskrieg ziehen
Eva Johais; Mareike Meis
Bilder des Krieges. Darstellung und Kommunikation des Krieges im digitalen Zeitalter
Stortingskandidaters møter med vold: Er norsk politikk et trygt rom?
Jana Belschner, Ragnhild Muriaas, Vibeke Wang
Artisanal Gold Mining Camps in the Butana (Eastern Sudan) as Migration Hubs
Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil
The cost of doing politics in Ireland: What does violence against politicians look like and how is it gendered?
Fiona Buckley, Lisa Keenan, Mack Mariani