CMI Working Papers

CMI Working Paper | 2021

Sempre do Topo para a Base: Revisões Constitucionais em Angola

Angola revisou, uma vez mais, a sua constituição, em 2021. Segundo declarações oficiais, estas revisões “fortalecem o Estado de Direito, a separação e interdependência dos órgãos de soberania”, mas este...
Inge Amundsen (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper 2021:10) 12 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2021

Always top-down: Constitutional reforms in Angola

Angola amended its constitution yet again in 2021. In official statements, it was done to “strengthen the democratic principles of rule of law and of separation of powers”, but this...
Inge Amundsen (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper 2021:09) 12 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2021

Angola after dos Santos: Change and continuity

This publication aims to identify and discuss several political, social, and economic dynamics during the first four years of the Lourenço presidency and assess the arguments suggesting continuity, and those...
Vegard Bye, Paulo Inglês, Aslak Orre (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2021:8)
CMI Working Paper | 2021

Lobbying and the shaping of tax policies in Tanzania

This paper explores the role of interest groups in shaping tax policies in Tanzania. Tracing the various stages behind the VAT Act 2014 in Tanzania, weighing the various interests, lobbyists...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad,Lise Rakner (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2021:07) 20 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2021

Negotiating access to health care for populations affected by conflict

Abstract This Working Paper seeks to understand the tools required to allow negotiations for the access of health care by populations affected by humanitarian disasters. A review of theoretical knowledge about...
Raju Sira Mahalingappa Guru (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2021:6) 20 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2021

Gains of the Unfeasible: Manifestations of ‘Leave No One Behind’ in the United Nations’ Humanitarianism

Abstract ‘Leave no one behind’ in the context of the United Nations’ humanitarianism poses a noble ideal yet a challenging practice. The concept showcases terminological prevalence particularly in policy, yet unfeasibility...
Salla Turunen (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2021:05) 12 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2021

Conceptualizing ‘Leave No One Behind’

Abstract The term ‘leave no one behind’ is at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals that were adopted by United Nations (UN) member states in 2015, and the phrase has...
Salla Turunen (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2021:04) 10 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2021

Neglect, Control and Co-optation: Major features of Ethiopian Youth Policy Since 1991

Ethiopia, Africa’s second most populous state, has a young population with more than 70 percent of its inhabitants below the age of 35. Ethiopian regimes have a history of youth...
Asnake Kefale, Mohammed Dejen, Lovise Aalen (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2021:3) 26 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2021

Inter-group interaction and attitudes to migrants

Abstract We report results from a randomized field experiment conducted in the Tigray region of Ethiopia, which tests the impact of interaction with migrants on host community members’ attitudes towards migrants....
Mintewab Bezabih, Sosina Bezu, Tigabu Getahun, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, and Arne Wiig (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2021:02) 34 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2021

Resettlement capacity assessments for climate induced displacements: Evidence from Ethiopia

Climate change migration is increasing and necessitates a re-examination of resettlement planning and processes. Although evidence-based selection of host places would improve climate change resettlement outcomes, few methods for the...
Solomon Zena Walelign, Susan L. Cutter and Päivi Lujala (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2021:01) 48 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2020

Comparing legal activism in Zimbabwe and Zambia

Battles over democracy are manifested in contestations over legal frameworks and within judicial institutions. Lawfare refers to the strategic use of law and legal institutions by actors in civil and...
O'Brien Kaaba, Marja Hinfelaar, Tony Zhou (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:5) 30 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2020

Preparing to leave? Household mobility decisions in climate affected areas of coastal Bangladesh

Abstract We present unique survey data on the migration predictions of 400 households in two extremely climate exposed unions of coastal Bangladesh. We have four main findings. First, despite having prospects...
Arne Wiig, Minhaj Mahmud, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:04) 33 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2020

A place-based framework for assessing resettlement capacity in the context of climate change induced displacement

Place-based resettlement capacity assessments to identify potential resettlement places for climate migrants are needed to guide climate change related resettlement programs. The authors propose and validate a conceptual climate change...
Solomon Zena Walelign, Päivi Lujala (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:3) 46 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2020

How do host–migrant proximities shape attitudes toward internal climate migrants?

Countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa exposed to the environmental consequences of climate change are predicted to see voluntary and forced internal migration on an unprecedented scale in the...
Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu, Ivar Kolstad, Minhaj Mahmud, Arne Wiig (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:2)
CMI Working Paper | 2020

The UAE’s Humanitarian Diplomacy: Claiming State Sovereignty, Regional Leverage and International Recognition

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) became the world’s third-largest donor of humanitarian aid relative to Gross National Income in 2016. The country was among the top five humanitarian assistance state-donors...
Deniz Gökalp (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:1) 11 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Does changing the narrative improve host community attitudes to climate migrants? Experimental evidence from Bangladesh

A number of studies suggest that our narratives about the situation of the poor and vulnerable affect how we view them and treat them. Theoretically, a potentially powerful way to...
Ivar Kolstad, Sosina Bezu, Päivi Lujala, Minhaj Mahmud, and Arne Wiig (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:3) 25 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Managing the born-free generation: Zimbabwe’s strategies for dealing with the youth

A rich literature on Africa’s autocratic and repressive regimes has discussed the diverse strategies through which these regimes seek to consolidate and stay in power. Prominent strategies include election rigging,...
Marjoke Oosterom and Simbarashe Gukurume (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:02)
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Crop market participation among smallholder farmers in Tanzania

This paper assesses determinants of crop market participation among smallholder farmers in Tanzania, with a focus on transaction cost, asset endowment and cooperatives. The study is based on household survey...
Sosina Bezu and Espen Villanger (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2010:1)
CMI Working Paper | 2018

The contemporary nature of tribalism. Anthropological insights on the libyan case

The tribal dimension in many Middle Eastern societies continues to be relevant, however, the significance of tribal belonging has considerably changed. In several contexts, tribes play a political role and...
Elena Vismara (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:12)
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Most people are not economists: Citizen preferences for corporate taxation

On what bases should corporations be taxed? This article presents evidence from a series of discrete choice experiments designed to elicit the tax preferences of ordinary citizens. We find that...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad,Ivar Kolstad,Arne Wiig (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:11)