The 2007 Kenyan General Elections in Context
On 27 December 2007 the fourth general elections since the democratic opening in the early 1990s were held. They were widely considered to be seriously flawed and the political crisis in aftermath led to widespread rioting and destruction, with hundreds of fatal casualties and more than a quarter of a million displaced persons. This paper recount the controversial events surrounding the administration of the elections, i.e. all phases from voter registration; inspection of the voters' register; nomination of candidates; campaigning; polling; counting and tallying; through to the announcement of results. Above all it consider the wider context of the elections along three main dimensions. First, the pre- and post-election violence is analysed in terms of its effects on the electoral outcome. Second, the unprecedented volume of campaign financing is scrutinised in terms of sources and effects. Third, an analysis is made attempted of the evolution of the nature of Kenyan politics from an orientation resting on personalities and ethnic loyalties to one of issues and policies. Furthermore, in view of the post-election crisis the aftermath receives special attention with a view to discussing the extent to which the results were ‘doctored' in the final stages of the electoral process. Given the parliamentary composition, some consideration are also be given to the difficult relationship between parliament and the executive that is likely to ensue.
Syrian Refugees in Istanbul and Gaziantep: Comparative Findings on Settlement, Livelihood and Support
Ahmet Içduygu, Souad Osseiran
Community-Driven Development or community-based development?
Arne Strand, Magnus Hatlebakk, Torunn Wimpelmann, Mirwais Wardak
Improving Covid-19 vaccine coverage by mitigating corruption risks in the supply chain
Daniela Cepeda Cuadrado, Daniel Sejerøe Hausenkamph
Corruption in the medical supply chain: lessons from the pandemic
Sarah Steingrüber, Muktar Gadanya
Safeguarding the Covid-19 vaccine distribution: Evaluating the role of blockchain
Daniela Cepeda Cuadrado, Daniel Sejerøe Hausenkamph, Per Aarvik, Clara Cardona, Marcelino Turati, Natalia Mejia Pardo
The invisible ceiling: Muslim immigrant entrepreneurs navigate Norway’s financial environment
Mari Norbakk,Sarah A Tobin
Limitaciones y alcances de la judicialización del derecho humano al agua
E. Villarreal F., N. Sibaja