Bangladesh: Inclusive growth and good governance
Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD)
The Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD, www.cpd.org.bd), established in 1993 by Professor Rehman Sobhan with support from leading civil society institutions in Bangladesh, is mandated by its Deed of Trust to service the growing demand that originates from the emerging civil society of Bangladesh for a more participatory and accountable development process. CPD seeks to address this felt need by way of organising multi-stakeholder consultations, by conducting research on issues of critical national and regional interests, through dissemination of knowledge and information on key developmental issues, and by influencing the policy making process in the country.
In the process, CPD strives to bridge the gap between empirical research and policy advocacy through a sustained effort in public policy analysis. CPD endeavours to create a national environment conducive to open public discussion on important policy issues with a view to ensuring domestic ownership over the policy agenda and also building a broad-based support for such policies. Over the past eleven years CPD has emerged as Bangladesh’s premier think-tank and has established its credibility as one of the very few places in Bangladesh where the government and opposition political parties are agreeable to sit around a dialogue table and conduct an informed discussion with the civil society.
CPD focuses on frontier issues which are critical to the development process of Bangladesh in the present context, and which are expected to shape and influence the country’s development prospect in the mid-term. CPD’s current programme portfolio includes research activities, holding of dialogues, publication and dissemination as well as networking related initiatives. CPD strives to enhance the national capacity for economy-wide policy analysis, fosters regional co-operation and addresses issues, which concern Bangladesh’s effective integration into the process of globalisation.
CPD’s target groups are diverse and include both policy- makers as well as those for whom policies are designed in the first place. Thus, CPD seeks to involve important cross-sections of the society including public representatives, government officials, business leaders, representatives of grassroots organisations, academics, development partners, and other relevant interest groups. These interest groups are engaged in exchange of views in all the three phases of the CPD process, viz. identification of socially relevant issues, generation of substance for policy analysis and validation of policy approaches.
At the core of CPD’s activities lies its dialogue programme. In order to move away from the prevailing tradition of rhetorical exchanges, CPD designs the dialogue format in such a way as to stimulate a constructive engagement and informed exchange of views. Since the goals of CPD are not merely academic, but operational, the dialogues are so designed as to come up with specific recommendations in terms of both redefining policies and also for ensuring their effective implementation. These recommendations are then placed before current and prospective policy-makers of the country as inputs to the policy making process.
To strengthen the information and analytical base of the dialogue process, the CPD maintains an active research portfolio. CPD’s flagship research activity relates to preparation of an annual Independent Review of Bangladesh’s Development (IRBD), which looks at critical issues of national interest in various sectors of the economy and society with a view to put forward concrete policy suggestions. CPD also carries out policy relevant research on frontier development issues, which include Trade Policy Analysis and Multilateral Trading System, Governance and Policy Reforms, Investment Promotion and Enterprise Development, Agriculture, Ecosystems, Environment and Rural Development, Regional Cooperation and Integration, Poverty and Regional Inequality.
Publication and Dissemination
CPD pursues an extensive programme for disseminating the research and dialogue outputs through regular publications and website posting. CPD’s current publication list contains more than 200 titles including Books, Monographs, Occasional Papers, Dialogue Reports and Policy Briefs. Selected parts from CPD publications are also regularly posted on CPD’s website. Information about ongoing CPD activities is also regularly published in the CPD Quarterly.
At present CPD has 57 full-time staff working in its three core divisions: Research, Dialogue & Communication and Administration. A number of Interns and Visiting Fellows are also associated with various CPD activities. CPD also draws on the strength of the rich pool of its Senior Fellows and Fellows.
The Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS)
The Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS) is an autonomous public multi-disciplinary organization which conducts policy oriented research on development issues facing Bangladesh and other developing countries.
The overall objective of the programme is institutional research co-operation on issues relevant to the poor in Bangladesh, support policy-relevant research and to build capacity that may contribute to improved governance and inclusive growth in Bangladesh.
Research focus is on inclusive growth and good governance. The areas to be covered:
- food security and poverty
- governance in energy
- the role of human capital in private sector development
- parliament and political parties
- democracy and corruption
This is a a three-year research and capacity building programme between the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD), Bangladesh, and Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI), funded by the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Bangladesh. CMI has more than 50 years’ experience in research, consultancy and capacity building in Bangladesh.
In addition to institutional co-operation, the key objective is to identify main obstacles and suggest remedies for problems of democratic institutionalisation and poverty reduction. The Programme will also contribute to capacity and knowledge building in both Bangladesh and Norway.
This new co-operation programme will enable CMI to strengthen its country-specific competence, but it will also make it possible for CMI to create and support a broader network of researchers and students working in and on Bangladesh. Dissemination and research communication are key components.
CPD and CMI will also collaborate with the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS).
Senior Researcher Arne Wiig is the contact person at CMI while Dr Khondaker Golam Moazzem is the contact person at CPD.
Democratic Dynasties? Internal Party Democracy in Bangladesh
Returns to education among entrepreneurs in Bangladesh
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Khondaker Golam Moazzem
Journal of Asian Economics
Fiscal decentralisation in developing countries: Lessons for Bangladesh
Expanding foreign investment in the energy sector: Challenges and risks for Bangladesh?
Arne Wiig, Ivar Kolstad
Digging in the dirt? Extractive industry FDI and corruption
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig
Economics of Governance
Agricultural Trade between Bangladesh and India: An Analysis of Trends, Trading Patterns and Determinants
Mustafizur Rahman, Mazbahul Golam Ahamad, A K M Nazrul Islam, Muhammad Al Amin
Parliament of Bangladesh: Boycotts, business, and change for the better
The Parliament of Bangladesh: Representation and Accountability
Rounaq Jahan and Inge Amundsen
The Politics of Deforestation and REDD+ in Indonesia: Global Climate Change Mitigation
David Aled Williams
Examining poverty and food insecurity in the context of long-term social-ecological changes in Afghanistan
Yograj Gautam, Anwesha Dutta, Patrick Jantz, Alark Saxena, Antonio De Lauri