Creating a political and social climate for climate change
Climate change will in coming decades lead to increased frequency and severity of floods, drought and extreme weather events. As the more exposed areas of the world become increasingly inhospitable, this will lead to substantial climate induced displacement of people in developing countries. For affected countries and communities, this creates challenges in accommodating the displaced and in avoiding social tension and conflicts that may arise.
This is the basic challenge motivating a new CMI project that has been granted funding from the Norglobal programme of the Research Council of Norway. The announcement of the Research Council notes that successful projects faced stiff competition from many high quality projects in this year’s Norglobal call.
The project is headed by Professor Päivi Lujala at NTNU and CMI. It will be delivered by an international, multi-disciplinary team with substantial expertise in climate and development research. From CMI, researchers Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig, and Sosina Bezu will take part. The project involves international partners at the University of South Carolina, the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS), the Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC) in Ethiopia, and a number of other institutions.
The project will assess and analyze how well countries and communities are able to cope with displacement caused by climate change. We will do so by creating global and national indexes to assess resettlement capacity. Crucially, resettlement capacity depends not only on physical and economic factors, but also on social and political conditions. These aspects will be integrated into our indices. Moreover, through a series of experiments in Bangladesh and Ethiopia, we will analyze how attitudes towards the displaced form and evolve, and whether and how they can be influenced to ease resettlement processes and avert tension.
The aim of the project is to improve the basis for effective policy making in addressing displacement at the local, national and international levels. Its objectives are very much in line with the UN global development agenda as expressed in the first two targets of Sustainable Development Goal 13, to “strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards ... in all countries” and to “integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning”.
Preparing to leave? Household mobility decisions in climate affected areas of coastal Bangladesh
Arne Wiig, Minhaj Mahmud, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu
A place-based framework for assessing resettlement capacity in the context of climate change induced displacement
Solomon Zena Walelign, Päivi Lujala
How do host–migrant proximities shape attitudes toward internal climate migrants?
Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu, Ivar Kolstad, Minhaj Mahmud, Arne Wiig
Household wellbeing and coping strategies in Africa during COVID-19 – Findings from high frequency phone surveys
Carlo Koos, Peter Hangoma, Ottar Mæstad
Prevalence, drivers, and review of the literature on the effects of interventions to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation
Mari Norbakk and Liv Tønnessen
Family Law Reform, Employment, and Women’s Political Participation in Ethiopia
Lovise Aalen, Andreas Kotsadam, Espen Villanger
Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society
Active private sector development policies revisited: Impacts of the Ethiopian industrial cluster policy
Tigabu Getahun and Espen Villanger
Journal of Development Studies
Too big to fault? Effects of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize on Norwegian exports to China and foreign policy
International Political Science Review
Household Bargaining and Spending on Children: Experimental Evidence from Tanzania
Charlotte Ringdal and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen
Agricultural development and food Security in Sudan as seen from Kassala State
Samia Mohamed Nour, Eltayeb Mohamedain