Comparing Poverty Reduction Strategies in Eastern and Southern Africa
This concluding chapter compares the poverty reduction strategies of six sub-Saharan African countries (Botswana, Kenya, Namibia, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia). Three of them, i.e. Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia, are Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs) whose policies to reduce poverty are laid down in Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), guided by the precepts of the Bretton Woods institutions. The other group are non-HIPC and thus, in principle, in a freer position to design homegrown strategies. The analysis shows, however, that there are more commonalities than differences in the poverty reduction strategies of these two groups. The economic fundamentals are more or less the same and both groups attach importance to the social sectors, not only to reduce poverty in the short run but also as an investment in future productive capacity. Furthermore, it emerged that most of these countries, regardless of belonging to the HIPC or non-HIPC categories, have sustained relatively high rates of economic growth in recent years. However, the distribution of growth has been skewed, reflecting in large measure the neglect of agriculture from which the overwhelming majority of the poor derive an income.
Out of Poverty. Comparative Poverty Reduction Strategies in Eastern and Southern Africa
Kessy, Flora L. and Arne Tostensen ( Eds.)
Also in this volume:
- Poverty Reduction in Eastern and Southern Africa: An Introduction
Tostensen, Arne and Flora L. Kessy
Towards harmonised financing of frontline health service providers in Tanzania
Ottar Mæstad, Peter Binyaruka
Lobbying and the shaping of tax policies in Tanzania
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad,Lise Rakner
VAT receipt lotteries: Can they increase tax revenues in Sub-Saharan Africa?
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, George Hellar, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville