Does diversification of an economy improve the chances of democracy? In theory, diversification may reduce elite cohesion and improve citizen outside options, making democracy more likely. This paper estimates the effect of export diversification on democracy, using data from 143 countries. We use variability within countries in fertile soil as an instrument for diversification, controlling for country size. To address the possibility that current fertile soil variability may have been influenced by historical country characteristics which could also have affected democracy today, we control for historical changes in land cover. We identify a statistically significant, positive effect of diversification on democracy.
Human rights in Angola
Inge Amundsen (CMI), Cesaltina Abreu and Catarina Gomes (LAB)
The non-oil tax reform in Angola: Escaping from petroleum dependency?
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Orre and Francisco Paulo
The Extractive Industries and Society
Omdømmerisikoen for både Norge og Equinor bør tas opp til bred diskusjon
Arne Wiig, Rune Jansen Hagen, Ivar Kolstad
Norwegian development assistance in support of social safety nets
Resettlement capacity assessments for climate induced displacements: Evidence from Ethiopia
Solomon Zena Walelign, Susan L. Cutter and Päivi Lujala
Customers play an important role in shaping firms’ VAT compliance
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen & Vincent Somville