- Discontent with mining has contributed to calls for resource nationalism in Tanzania’s petroleum sector.
The Tanzanian case demonstrates the importance of viewing resource nationalism from a historical and political perspective.
The petroleum legislations that were put in place in 2015 were relatively soft, reflecting a fear of scaring off investors.
In Tanzania, other acts play an important role for local content.
Scholars need to consider the legislative framework as a whole, as well as implementation, rather than focusing on the mining/petroleum acts only.
Many resource-rich African countries have recently drafted local content policies for their petroleum sector. Using Tanzania as an example, this paper argues that previous experiences in the extractive industries are a central factor for public sentiments and debates on resource nationalism and local content in the petroleum sector. The paper focuses on the shifting local content polices in the mining sector over the last two decades and presents some of the initiatives that mining companies have taken to increase the local content. The 2010 Mining Act has weak and unbinding requirements on local content. National statistics show that there has been no increase in the local purchase of goods and services and that the percentage of expats in the sector has been relatively stable over the years. As in other African countries, local content is subject to elite capture and patronage, but support to cooperatives is one way of involving local communities in a positive manner. Discontent with the contribution of mining to the national economy entailed a heated debate on local content policies for the petroleum sector, but the legislations that were put in place in 2015 ended up being relatively ‘soft’, due to the fear of losing investors.
Implications of the COVID-19 pandemic for revenue generation in poor African countries
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Ole Therkildsen
The non-oil tax reform in Angola: Escaping from petroleum dependency?
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Orre and Francisco Paulo
The Extractive Industries and Society
Sheikhs and the City: Urban Paths of Contention in Sidon, Lebanon
Are John Knudsen
Conflict and Society
Governing petroleum resources in Tanzania: Lessons learned and policy implications
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari and Kendra Dupuy
Governing petroleum resources: Prospects and challenges for Tanzania
Understanding the resource curse: A large-scale experiment on corruption in Tanzania
Alexander Cappelen, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Bertil Tungodden
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
The Impact of Index Insured Loans on Credit Market Participation and Risk-Taking
Richard A. Gallenstein, Jon Einar Flåtnes, John P. Dougherty, Abdoul G. Sam, Khushbu Mishra
Pay-for-performance reduces bypassing of health facilities: evidence from Tanzania
Sosina Bezu Chiksa, Peter John Binyaruka, Ottar Mæstad, Vincent Somville
Social Science and Medicine
Customers play an important role in shaping firms’ VAT compliance
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen & Vincent Somville
Inter-group interaction and attitudes to migrants
Mintewab Bezabih, Sosina Bezu, Tigabu Getahun, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, and Arne Wiig
Justifiable energy injustices? Exploring institutionalised corruption and electricity sector “problem-solving” in Ghana and Kenya
Festus Boamah, David Aled Williams, Joana Afful
Energy Research and Social Science
Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in a context of nationalist oligarchy: Lessons from Indonesia
David Aled Williams