Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice.
In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the National Child Act miserably failed to materialize. In spite of the failure of a national law against FGM, with extensive funding from UNICEF and UNFPA, several of Sudan’s eighteen states have criminalized this harmful traditional practice.
One of these states is Red Sea, located in eastern Sudan. Red Sea is known for being extremely conservative when it comes to women’s rights, and FGM is widely practiced. We chose to investigate the criminalization process in Red Sea out of a genuine desire to study a positive example of a state that had managed to introduce a ban on FGM against all odds. Instead, we found a “paper tiger” law that does not protect girls against FGM.
Family law reform in Sudan: competing claims for gender justice between sharia and women’s human rights
Samia El Nagar, Liv Tønnessen
Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar
Weak law forbidding female genital mutilation in Red Sea State, Sudan
Samia al-Nagar, Liv Tønnessen, Sharifa Bamkar
Interventions for the abandonment of child marriage in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar
Religious Counter-Mobilization against Child Marriage Reform in Sudan
Siha Journal: Women in Islam
The International Protection Alternative in Refugee Law: Treaty basis and scope of application under the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol
Women’s informal peace efforts: Grassroots activism in South Sudan
Helen Kezie-Nwoha and Juliet Were
Anita Ferrara, Assessing the Long-Term Impact of Truth Commissions: The Chilean Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Historical Perspective ( Abingdon, Routledge, 2015) 258pp
The Irish Yearbook of International Law 2016-17