Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice.
In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the National Child Act miserably failed to materialize. In spite of the failure of a national law against FGM, with extensive funding from UNICEF and UNFPA, several of Sudan’s eighteen states have criminalized this harmful traditional practice.
One of these states is Red Sea, located in eastern Sudan. Red Sea is known for being extremely conservative when it comes to women’s rights, and FGM is widely practiced. We chose to investigate the criminalization process in Red Sea out of a genuine desire to study a positive example of a state that had managed to introduce a ban on FGM against all odds. Instead, we found a “paper tiger” law that does not protect girls against FGM.
Family law reform in Sudan: competing claims for gender justice between sharia and women’s human rights
Samia El Nagar, Liv Tønnessen
Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar
Weak law forbidding female genital mutilation in Red Sea State, Sudan
Samia al-Nagar, Liv Tønnessen, Sharifa Bamkar
Citizenship, statelessness, and human rights protection in Sudan's constitutions and post South Sudan secession challenges
Constitution-making and Human Rights in the Sudans
Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa
Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang
Political Studies, first published online: December 1, 2017
Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: gender imbalance in political recruitment in Zambia
Vibeke Wang and Ragnhild L. Muriaas
Politics, Groups, & Identities (Published online 03 Jan 2019)