This chapter tracks Costa Rica’s long transition from a particularistic to a universal ethical society using a process-tracing methodology. It argues that the origins of Costa Rica’s success began in the early 20th century, followed by three subsequent tipping points that resulted in limiting opportunities for corruption. Each of these tipping points enhanced corruption-free governance through the devolution of political power across the branches of government; the decoupling of the executive branch’s control over state accountability agencies; the creation of new agencies whose actions expanded the anti-corruption capacity of state agencies; and the remove of legal impediments on the media to investigate and publish stories about corrupt officials. It details the central role of the media in the most recent period as a public watchdog investigating and reporting on many cases of apparent corruption by public officials. It also identifies many recent cases where the media (traditional and internet-based) initiated investigations into corruption before the state’s official anti-corruption agencies investigated and prosecuted them. The analysis draws on primary research and interviews with former and current public officials, magistrates, historians, and investigators.
Corruption and Anti-Corruption in Environmental and Resource Management
Luca Tacconi, David Aled Williams
Annual Review of Environment and Resources
Corruption in customs: How can it be tackled?
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Ernani Checcucci Filho and Gaël Raballand
Enhancing Government Effectiveness and Transparency: The Fight Against Corruption
Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 9. The UK’s changing anti-corruption landscape – new energy, new horizons
Phil Mason OBE
Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 10. Keeping the vision alive: new methods, new ambitions
Phil Mason OBE
Guerra no Norte de Moçambique, uma Região Rica em Recursos Naturais – Seis Cenários
Francisco Almeida dos Santos
Revisiting Health Rights Litigation and Access to Medications in Costa Rica: Preliminary Evidence fromthe Cochrane Collaboration Reform
Olman Rodríguez Loaiza, Sigrid Morales, Ole Frithjof Norheim, and Bruce Wilson
Health and Human Rights Journal
What causes Latin America’s high incidence of adolescent pregnancy?
Camila Gianella, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado, Angelica Peñas Defago