This panel discusses violence against the girl child in eastern Sudan focusing on harmful practices female genital mutilation (FGM) and child marriage. a) The attempt to criminalize FGM has thus far failed nationally, but succeeded in two out of three eastern states. This panel critically debates these laws and their potential for social transformation. b) Despite efforts to raise the minimum age of marriage to 18 years, the age of maturity remains the threshold for marriage in law and also in practice. This panel debates the drivers of child marriage in eastern Sudan and what are the prospects for abandoning the practice.