The final chapter summarises some of the findings of the previous country analyses, against the background of the conceptual pair of extractive and power-preserving political corruption. It is argued that the power-preserving form of political corruption, fed by extractive political corruption, is holding back democratic developments in Sub-Sahara Africa. It is also argued that the perspective on the extractive and power-preserving practices of the ruling elite is important, particularly when the two mechanisms of political corruption feed into each other, creating an evil circle of extraction and reinvestment in power: when ruling elites engage in extractive corruption to preserve their power, and this power is abused to extract further.
It is concluded that this seems to be the case in most of the country examples in this book. It can be deducted from the analyses that the riches extracted through political corruption to a large extent are providing the means to retain control of the state. Numerous examples are presented of situations in which the proceeds of extraction are reinvested in power, which goes way beyond the usual understanding of extractive corruption as driven by greed. An effective restriction of these regime-enhancing forms of political corruption seems to require an economic crisis and sustained and politically skilled external and internal pressures.
Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation
Amundsen, Inge (ed.)
Also in this volume:
- Congenitally Conjoined and Inseparable: Politics and Corruption in Nigeria
Ojo, Emmanuel Oladipo, Vaclav Prusa, Inge Amundsen
- Extractive and Power-Preserving Political Corruption
- The ‘Secret Loans Affair’ and Political Corruption in Mozambique
Nuvunga, Adriano and Aslak Orre
Urbanisation, informality, and corruption. Designing policies for integrity in the city
Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: Insights from Zambia
Vibeke Wang, Ragnhild L. Muriaas
Networks of anti-corruption authorities. Living up to their aspirations?
Sofie Arjon Schütte
Procedural fairness for curbing corruption. Taking bureaucratic decision-making out of the shadows
Migai Akech, Monica Kirya
Understanding effects of corruption on law enforcement and environmental crime
David Aled Williams
Building accountable resource governance institutions
David Aled Williams