Achieving Durable Peace in Afghanistan
After nine years of uneven development, rising insecurity and violence, and a continuously expanding international troop presence, momentum among key actors has shifted towards seeking a negotiated solution to the intervention and conflict in Afghanistan. During 2010 a renewed emphasis on convincing middle and lower-level fighters to abandon the insurgency has been accompanied by increased discussion of a negotiated settlement between the Afghan government and the insurgency. While they have remained more circumspect over the timing of negotiations, the United States and its NATO allies also broadly acknowledge the necessity of a political process to end the war. The positions of insurgent leaders and their supporters remain less clear, but there are widespread reports of exploratory contacts and internal discussion, and more explicit evidence that Pakistan recognizes the need for and seeks to play a role in such a process.
The prospect of a negotiated settlement is enticing, but the path to sustainable peace in Afghanistan remains unclear. There are questions about the interests (as differentiated from stated positions) of key actors and networks inside and outside Afghanistan, and their willingness and capability to reach and uphold agreements. Furthermore, options for the content of an agreement or series of agreements, and the process for reaching and implementing them, remain vaguely defined. Finally, were a negotiated settlement achieved, the requirements for it to contribute to a sustainable political and social settlement are insufficiently known.
This joint PRIO-USIP-CMI research and dialogue project aims to address these areas of uncertainty by generating knowledge and options for a potential peace process in Afghanistan.
Statebuilding in Afghanistan: A Contradictory Engagement
Central Asian Survey
Norwegian non-military collaboration with Afghanistan: A slightly different approach
Towards 2014 and beyond: NATO, Afghanistan and the "Heart of Asia"
Should I Stay or Should I Go?
PACEM, Militært tidsskrift for etisk og teologisk refleksjon
Frå vondt til verre
Exit Afghanistan. Tilbakeblikk - og debatt om utviklingen
Women Judges in Afghanistan: An Interview with Anisa Rasooli
Antonio De Lauri
Armed governance: the case of the CIA-supported Afghan militias
Antonio De Lauri, Astri Suhrke
Small Wars and Insurgency
'He should learn that he cannot get a woman for free’: Male elopers and constructions of masculinity in the Afghan justice system
Torunn Wimpelmann, Aziz Hakimi, Masooma Sa'adat
Men and Masculinities
The end of protection? Cessation and the ‘return turn’ in refugee law
Gender, Violence and Competing Sovereign Claims in Afghanistan
Preparing to leave? Household mobility decisions in climate affected areas of coastal Bangladesh
Arne Wiig, Minhaj Mahmud, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu