Achieving Durable Peace in Afghanistan
After nine years of uneven development, rising insecurity and violence, and a continuously expanding international troop presence, momentum among key actors has shifted towards seeking a negotiated solution to the intervention and conflict in Afghanistan. During 2010 a renewed emphasis on convincing middle and lower-level fighters to abandon the insurgency has been accompanied by increased discussion of a negotiated settlement between the Afghan government and the insurgency. While they have remained more circumspect over the timing of negotiations, the United States and its NATO allies also broadly acknowledge the necessity of a political process to end the war. The positions of insurgent leaders and their supporters remain less clear, but there are widespread reports of exploratory contacts and internal discussion, and more explicit evidence that Pakistan recognizes the need for and seeks to play a role in such a process.
The prospect of a negotiated settlement is enticing, but the path to sustainable peace in Afghanistan remains unclear. There are questions about the interests (as differentiated from stated positions) of key actors and networks inside and outside Afghanistan, and their willingness and capability to reach and uphold agreements. Furthermore, options for the content of an agreement or series of agreements, and the process for reaching and implementing them, remain vaguely defined. Finally, were a negotiated settlement achieved, the requirements for it to contribute to a sustainable political and social settlement are insufficiently known.
This joint PRIO-USIP-CMI research and dialogue project aims to address these areas of uncertainty by generating knowledge and options for a potential peace process in Afghanistan.
Statebuilding in Afghanistan: A Contradictory Engagement
Central Asian Survey
Norwegian non-military collaboration with Afghanistan: A slightly different approach
Towards 2014 and beyond: NATO, Afghanistan and the "Heart of Asia"
Should I Stay or Should I Go?
PACEM, Militært tidsskrift for etisk og teologisk refleksjon
Frå vondt til verre
Exit Afghanistan. Tilbakeblikk - og debatt om utviklingen
A Good Ally - Norway and International Statebuilding in Afghanistan, 2001-2014
Mats Berdal, Astri Suhrke
Journal of Strategic Studies
Danish-Norwegian Return Center for Minors in Kabul: Well-Founded Initiative?
Jessica Schultz and Terje Einarsen
Missing from the picture: Men imprisoned for ‘moral crimes’ in Afghanistan
Aziz Hakimi, Torunn Wimpelmann
Women’s informal peace efforts: Grassroots activism in South Sudan
Helen Kezie-Nwoha and Juliet Were
The International Protection Alternative in Refugee Law: Treaty basis and scope of application under the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol
Russian Use of Private Military and Security Companies - the implications for European and Norwegian Security
Åse Gilje Østensen and Tor Bukkvoll