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The purpose of this research project is to assess the effectiveness of advocacy by civil society organisations (CSOs) in promoting child rights. It is centred on Kibera, the largest slum area in Nairobi, Kenya. It comprises five sub-projects: (i) a study of the legislative process leading to the enactment of the Counter-Trafficking in Persons Act; (ii) a study of the blurred distinction between state (government) and civil society with regard to reporting procedures and practices before the CRC committee; (iii) tracing the steps of ANPPCAN’s past work to address child labour in Kenya; (iv) a quantitative survey on the general situation of children and youth (attitudes and behaviour) in Kibera; and (v) a quantitative survey (triangulated with in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with children, parents and teachers) on corporal punishment of children.