Based on a literature review on the impacts of trade policy on poverty, we will summarize the general lessons about mechanisms, measures of poverty and trade policies, and the constraints the poor may face. Which mechanisms are in place linking trade policy and poverty at the household level? The poor will be influenced through their role as workers (self employed or wage earners), as consumers or as recipients of public services. How does trade policy (both in importing and exporting countries) influence these roles? Is the impact country specific, sector specific or dependent on the availability of particular institutions or assets of the poor? How robust are the findings in terms of the applied measures of trade policy and poverty?