While it is commonly accepted that corporations have negative duties to respect human rights, the question of whether rights also imply positive duties for corporations is contentious. The recent reports of the UN special representative on business and human rights contend that corporations do not have positive duties, but the arguments this is based on are flawed from an ethical point of view. In particular, the reports fail to consider the implications of interactions between corporations and states. For rights to be secured, corporations may face duties to use their power to pressure governments into performing their assigned duties, and duties not to undermine the role of the government. The interaction of corporations and governments also has implications for choosing effective instruments to advance human rights. International initiatives that do not take this interaction into account will be ineffective or, at worst, counter-productive.
Mining and the Incidence of Malaria in Angola and Ghana
Subverting the Constitution and Curtailing Civil Society. Angola’s New Law on NGOs.
Catarina Antunes Gomes, Cesaltina Abreu, Margareth Nangacovie, Inge Amundsen
Africa’s Social Policy Trajectories Since the Colonial Period: Constructing social policies in Portuguese-speaking African countries, the nefarious effects of instability
Margareth Nangacovie, Clementina Furtado, Ilsa Cá e Sá, Carmeliza Rosário
Media From the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean, Communication Systems in Portuguese-Speaking Africa
Orre, Aslak Jangård & Helge Rønning
Media Ownership in Africa in the Digital Age: Challenges, Continuity and Change
Artisanal Gold Mining Camps in the Butana (Eastern Sudan) as Migration Hubs
Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil
Effects of the Congo Basin Rainforest on Rainfall Patterns
Barimalala, Rondrotiana, Kolstad, Erik Wilhelm, Parker, Douglas John, Williams, D. Aled
Displacement by militarized forest conservation. Evidence from the Artemisa Operation in the post-conflict Colombian Amazon