While it is commonly accepted that corporations have negative duties to respect human rights, the question of whether rights also imply positive duties for corporations is contentious. The recent reports of the UN special representative on business and human rights contend that corporations do not have positive duties, but the arguments this is based on are flawed from an ethical point of view. In particular, the reports fail to consider the implications of interactions between corporations and states. For rights to be secured, corporations may face duties to use their power to pressure governments into performing their assigned duties, and duties not to undermine the role of the government. The interaction of corporations and governments also has implications for choosing effective instruments to advance human rights. International initiatives that do not take this interaction into account will be ineffective or, at worst, counter-productive.
Human rights in Angola
Inge Amundsen (CMI), Cesaltina Abreu and Catarina Gomes (LAB)
The non-oil tax reform in Angola: Escaping from petroleum dependency?
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Orre and Francisco Paulo
The Extractive Industries and Society
Omdømmerisikoen for både Norge og Equinor bør tas opp til bred diskusjon
Arne Wiig, Rune Jansen Hagen, Ivar Kolstad
Norwegian development assistance in support of social safety nets
Corruption definitions and their implications for targeting natural resource corruption
David Aled Williams
Spurring new cross-sectoral connections towards anti-corruption responses in conservation
Elizabeth Hart, David Aled Williams