Forced Migrants, Human Rights and Lasting Peace
This three-year institute programme (IP) studies how human rights protection for forced migrants (refugees and internally displaced persons, IDPs) can help secure a lasting peace. To explore this research issue, this programme targets three types of forced migration, defined, in part, by the anatomy of the conflict that produced them and the context of their refugee/IDP existence: protracted (“warehoused”), in transit and in emergency. In the three country cases studied here (Lebanon, Cyprus, Pakistan/Afghanistan), the refugees/IDPs rights are a key element in any lasting settlement to the conflict:
- In Lebanon, about half of the country’s 250,000 Palestinian refugees live miserably in 12 refugee camps, lacking civil rights.
- In Cyprus communal conflict between the island’s Greek majority and Turkish minority led to the 1974 war and subsequent partition of the island. This led to internal displacement of 162 000 Greek Cypriots and 43 000 Turkish Cypriots leaving behind their homes and properties.
- Afghanistan has witnessed war since 1978, with over five million of the population seeking refuge in Pakistan and Iran during the 1980s.
The research programme is tied to institutional collaboration in host country institutes and benefits from institutional linkages and ongoing projects in the three countries funded by other sources.
War and migration
Are Knudsen, Arne Strand, and Erlend Paasche
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
The Limits of Law: Abortion in the Middle East and Northern Africa
Irene Maffi and Liv Tønnessen
Health and Human Rights Journal
Superleiren: Midtøsten som regional flyktningleir
Are John Knudsen
Babylon - Nordisk tidsskrift for Midtøstenstudier
Sunnism, Salafism, Sheikism: Urban Pathways of Resistance in Sidon, Lebanon
Are John Knudsen
UN Security Council Resolution 1325: Peacebuilding in Africa 20 years after its adoption
Aili Mari Tripp
Preparing to leave? Household mobility decisions in climate affected areas of coastal Bangladesh
Arne Wiig, Minhaj Mahmud, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu
Irregular Migration or Human Trafficking? The Realities of Cross-border Population Mobility in Western Sudan
Abdelmageed M. Yahya
How do host–migrant proximities shape attitudes toward internal climate migrants?
Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu, Ivar Kolstad, Minhaj Mahmud, Arne Wiig
Women Judges in Afghanistan: An Interview with Anisa Rasooli
Antonio De Lauri
Patriarchy, Politics and Women’s Activism in Post-Revolution Sudan
Liv Tønnessen, Samia al-Nagar
Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI