The field of transitional justice has recently seen a surge of interest in the issues of effectiveness and impact. This book examines the effects of transitional justice on the development of peace and democracy. While most existing contributions are based on single case-studies or large-N quantitative approaches, this book is innovative in that it uses comparative qualitative analysis. A key question is how context matters for understanding the nature and impact of transitional justice processes. After developing a theoretical framework, the book systematically tracks the experiences of contemporary post-authoritarianUruguay and Peru and post-conflict Rwanda and Angolain dealing with their history of violence and repression through a combination of four different transitional justice mechanisms: criminal trials, truth commission, reparations, and amnesties.The principal finding is that the general claims which characterize the literature regarding the impact of transitional justice mechanisms must be modified by context and subsidiary conditions. As detailed in the four case studies, transitional justice processes are complex and dynamic and may change substantially over time. The distinction between short-term and long-term impact is therefore essential.
Bridging the transitional justice literature, democracy studies, and conflict studies, and written in virtually jargon-free language, this monograph should be of interest to academics, graduate and post-graduate students in the fields of peace and conflict, human rights, and post-conflict studies in social sciences and law. The book might also be of interest to policy makers and analysts working on transitional justice and conflict resolution.
In this volume:
- Transitional justice alternatives: claims and counterclaims
Skaar, Elin and Camila Gianella Malca
- Towards a framework for impact assessment
Skaar, Elin, Camila Gianella Malca, and Trine Eide
- Uruguay: reconstructing peace and democracy through transitional justice
- Peru: changing contexts for transitional justice
- Rwanda: some peace, no democracy, and the complex role of transitional justice
Eide, Trine, Astri Suhrke
- Angola: negative peace and autocracy in the shadow of impunity
Malca, Camila Gianella and Elin Skaar
Skaar, Elin, Camila Gianella, and Trine Eide
Human rights in Angola
Inge Amundsen (CMI), Cesaltina Abreu and Catarina Gomes (LAB)
The non-oil tax reform in Angola: Escaping from petroleum dependency?
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Orre and Francisco Paulo
The Extractive Industries and Society
Omdømmerisikoen for både Norge og Equinor bør tas opp til bred diskusjon
Arne Wiig, Rune Jansen Hagen, Ivar Kolstad
Gender, Violence and Competing Sovereign Claims in Afghanistan