While a number of studies documents macro level effects of natural resources, much less is known about how resources such as oil affect development prospects at the micro level of local economies in African countries. This may in part reflect lack of micro data in resource rich countries. Angola is a case in point, where no comprehensive household survey is available, and the last census dates back to 1970. This paper uses data from a recent survey of 539 microcredit clients in Luanda to shed light on challenges the poor face in a resource rich country, and how resource wealth and economic exclusion can frame their existence. The results indicate that an escape from poverty is constrained by the lack of human capital (education and health), and a high cost of living. However, as a complicating factor, we find that education may give rise to particularist norms, which may undermine the development of informal and formal institutions needed to address the resource curse.
Género e pobreza no periurbano Luandense
Margareth Nangacovie, Iselin Åsedotter Strønen
The political economy of banking in Angola
Manuel Ennes Ferreira and Ricardo Soares de Oliveira
Diversification and democracy
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig
International Political Science Review
Comparing urban and rural poverty in Angola
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro and Eyolf Jul-Larsen
Impacts of school closures on children in developing countries: Can we learn something from the past?
Evaluation of Sida’s Model for Bilateral Research Cooperation
Inge Tvedten (Team Leader), Raphaëlle Bisiaux, Adam Pain, Arne Tostensen, Panith Chou, Catherine Ngugi, Rodrigo Paz and Fredrik Åström